Behaviours that can put you at high risk of having cataract surgery later in your life include the following:
• Excessive radiation exposure
• Using steroids
• Not wearing sunglasses when you are in the sun
If you notice the following signs, you may need cataract surgery:
You’re Having Difficulty Driving
Cataracts can cause halos when you are around lights plus difficulty seeing when you are in low-light settings. One of the earliest points you may notice there is a big change in your vision is the time that you are driving at night. The strong and dazzling light from oncoming headlights can blind you and make it difficult to read road signs or see the road ahead. That’s dangerous, consequently, until you have cataract surgery, you should avoid driving during the night to keep other motorists and yourself safe. Also, advanced cataracts can cause enough loss of vision to make you fail the vision test that is needed for a driver’s license.
You Can Not Watch TV or Read
When it is hard to see the action on your TV or read the words on a page even when you are wearing glasses, your cataracts could be beyond the point of treatment that is nonsurgical. By removing the lens that is clouded and then replacing it with an artificial lens that is clear, your eye is going to get new life plus you will not have to keep squinting.
It Is Interfering with Other Treatments
Usually, cataracts do not have to be removed immediately, unless they’re making it hard to treat another condition. Your eye doctor might recommend cataract surgery if cataracts have to be removed to treat a different issue, like macular degeneration.
It’s Interfering with the Outdoor Recreations (Outdoor Activities) That You Enjoy
Cataracts can increase sensitivity to glare. This can be troublesome, especially for people who enjoy surfing, skiing and several other outdoor activities. Furthermore, they can lead to visual differences from one of your eye to the other. This can end up affecting the distance vision that golfers need.
Various Cataract Afflictions
There are three types of cataracts:
• Subcapsular Cataract – It occurs at the back of your lens. People who take high dosages of steroid medications or those suffering from diabetes are at a higher risk of developing this type of cataract.
• Nuclear Cataract – It forms deep in the nucleus (central zone) of your lens. They are often are associated with ageing.
• Cortical Cataract – It is characterised by opacities that are white and wedge-like that start in your lens margin, working their way until they reach the middle in a manner that is like a spoke. Cortical Cataract occurs in your lens cortex, the part of your lens surrounding the central nucleus.
Expectations of Cataract Surgery
If you notice that you have symptoms of cataracts, you should get an eye checkup to determine your visual standing. If your doctor recommends that you have cataract surgery, there are various procedures that can be employed to get make sure you are back on your feet. Here is what to expect:
Preparation – You’re anaesthetized and don’t experience the procedure awake.
Outpatient – The surgery does not take long plus you can go home immediately after the procedure.
Procedure – Your surgeon will make a circular incision around the lens of your eye. He/she will then use ultrasound to break up plus remove the cloudy lens in your eye.
New Hardware – After the surgeon has removed the infected lens, a new synthetic lens known as an intraocular lens (IOL) is slipped into your eye.
Tools Used – Some surgeons still use a scalpel for the procedure, but more are now switching femtosecond (ultra-short-pulse) laser. The femtosecond laser allows surgeons to make incisions more precisely when compared to using a hand. It also softens cataracts, making them easy to remove.
Accuracy – A technology called IWA (intraoperative wavefront aberrometry) measures the total refractive error of your eye. IWA can be used when having a cataract surgery. During the procedure, your surgeon is capable of correcting minor astigmatism by making cautiously placed incisions in your cornea and normalise its curvature.
This allows your surgeon to more accurately make sure they are implanting the suitable lens power for your eye and increases the chances of your surgeon hitting the target. This allows you to see more clearly even at a distance with much less dependency on glasses. However, reading glasses are still needed for near vision.
Recovery – A protective shield will cover your eye for several days and you may need to administer special eye drops. Your vision should improve in a few days. Healing completely can take up to 8 weeks.